Sultan Ahmed Mosque “Blue Mosque”
Publish Date: 05/07/2019
In the heart of the Turkish city of Istanbul, hundreds of Islamic architectural monuments, inherited by the Ottoman Empire, form a historical painting, transmitting visitors to centuries of Ottoman Islamic history.
The Ottoman Empire (1299-1923) and its sultans, who ruled that city for about six centuries, were credited with building that architectural heritage, which later became a pillar of Islamic civilization.
The built-up palaces, the ornate mosques, the majestic lighthouses, the huge columns and the decorations are all observed by visitors to Istanbul.
Among these mosques and buildings is Sultanahmet Mosque, which sits in the center of Istanbul, also called the Blue Mosque. It was built between 1609 and 1616.
The Sultanahmet Mosque, which is accepted by tourists, is one of the largest mosques in the world. It houses a historical library, many health and educational facilities, dozens of shops around the mosque walls and a large green garden decorated with colored roses.
The “Blue Mosque”, as the Europeans call it, is in relation to the color of glass, decorations and the lighting of the mosque. The Sultanahmet area is considered one of the most famous tourist areas in the Gulf, due to the availability of tourist services such as hotels, restaurants, cafes and so on.
The mosque is famous for its huge architecture, in terms of minarets, domes and columns. It was built by the architect Mohammed Agha, one of the famous Ottoman architecture teachers.
The mosque has five doors; three of them lead to the mosque’s courtyard, two lead to the place of prayer, and a 43-meter high dome with a diameter of 23.5 meters is topped by eight smaller domes.
The interior of the Sultanahmet Mosque contains 260 stained-glass windows, as well as many precious chandeliers painted with gold, precious stones and crystal.
Its interior walls are more than 20,000 pieces of hand-painted blue ceramic tiles, all of which were brought from the cities of Eisnik and Kutahia (West) in more than 50 designs with different inscriptions.
Desiring Sultan to become his largest and largest mosque in the Ottoman Empire, he made it overlook the Bosporus Strait, opposite the Hagia Sophia Museum. His building was completed just one year before his death, and his body was buried in the mosque.
Sultan is the only mosque in Turkey with six minarets in Ottoman architecture.
According to Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism figures, the number of tourists arriving in Turkey during the first third of this year, the period January – April, registered 8 million and 735 thousand and 268 foreign tourists.
These figures represent an increase of 12% over the previous year. During the same period last year, it reached 7 million, 783,967 tourists, over 40% of whom visited Istanbul alone.
As the summer of 2019 enters, tens of thousands of Arabs have begun to flock to Turkey for summer holidays throughout the country.
Turkey is the first tourist destination in the Middle East, thanks to its low cost of tourism and a mix of Eastern and Western cultures.
Turkey’s tourism sector in 2018 hit a record 40 million foreign tourists, according to official figures.
Turkey combines business and conference tourism, beach tourism, cultural and religious tourism, leisure tourism and archaeological tourism.
Turkish laws allow for varying periods of stay, as well as large entry facilities.
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